EmArcy Records, a European jazz label currently owned by Universal Music Group, was founded in 1954 by Irving Green and Bob Shad as a part of Mercury Records. The name, phonetically spelled as “MRC”, represents the initials for Mercury Record Company. The label was launched to be a direct competitor with Verve, so Green and Shad were quick to sign innovative jazz musicians. Many prominent artists were recorded on the label in the 1950s and 1960s including Cannonball Adderley, Dinah Washington, Max Roach, and Sarah Vaughan. The label became inactive in 1962 and was re-launched in the late 1980s, when artists such as Stan Getz and Randy Weston were signed. Today, EmArcy specializes in all improvised music including electronic, progressive, swing, world, pop, and modern jazz music.