This compilation of early jazz and ragtime dates from a very early recording (Eli Green’s Cakewalk from 1898) to the 1920s. The sources are from pianola rolls, 78 rpm records and phonograph cylinders. The rolls on this recording were played on an Orchestrelle player attachment 65/88 note made around 1905. The first known player is thought to be the 1863 Furneaux ‘Pianista.’ As with the Orchestrelle this operated by striking the keys of an ordinary piano. The main difference was that it was operated by a handle in the manner of a street piano, while the later instrument is worked pneumatically by foot operated bellows. Early rolls were 58 and later 65 note. 88 notes became standard in the 1900s although the earlier sizes continued to be made. It was some years before manufacturers got together and standardized roll size and fitting so that any player could play any roll.